Much like every other industry and digital domain, programming languages have also evolved significantly with new ones superseding the older while updated versions bringing exciting new features to the developer’s favourite pick.
That said, each language has its own benefits and specialties but developers are often overwhelmed with the number of choices when it comes to delivering a winning next project of website development in Dubai for instance, especially if they’re new in the industry. The details below would act as a guide to choose the best programming language.
Table of Contents
A Brief Overview of Python, Go & Ruby
Python is object-oriented whereas Golang or Go is derived from C language. For most of the database and web-based applications that usually includes data science and analytics, Python is used whereas system programming and applications are developed from Go.
That said, for DevOps Solutions and Services frameworks, Ruby is high in-demand whereas for development of backend systems and APIs, Golang is the first pick for developers as of now. Ruby; as a programming language, was introduced or developed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto. As for Golang; brilliant minds from the Google team namely; Ken Thompson, Rob Pike and Robert Griesemer were the key development trio.
Ruby is highly preferred for the convenience of creating personal/custom web pages, commercial blogs and projects whereas Golang is capable to simplify both complex and simple multi-threaded tasks.
Compatibility & Performance
Compatibility and performance of Golang enhances when it’s integrated with other core elements of the software stack and used greatly in a bundle of various development stacks like Python and PHP. On the contrary, there’s limited compatibility of Ruby with most of the preferred databases.
Because Golang is relieved from interpretation, it performs faster as compared to many different programming languages especially Ruby. Still, coding Golang takes longer since it’s lengthier when compared with many other C-based languages like Python. All that said, Ruby is considered a briskier programming language when it comes to generating useful codes.
Testing a programming language is crucial to check overall performance from a typical user’s perspective. That said, Ruby is an excellent testing framework because of Agile methodology but when it comes to Golang, testing extent is limited.
For those who didn’t know, creation of Dropbox, Uber, eBay and Google happened using Golang whereas for well-known web applications such as Basecamp, Shopify, GitHub, Airbnb and many others, Ruby as a programming language has been applied.
Source : [en(dot)wikipedia(dot)org wiki Programming languages used in most popular websites]
Pros & a Few Cons
When it comes down to landing a super awesome project of enterprise web application, choosing between Python, Ruby and Golang has their own benefits with only a few shortfalls.
Yet another pro fact of Golang is its automatic memory management that’s referred to automatic garbage collection and memory allocation. As for Ruby, time slots are created which allocate memory into many different units.
As a programming language for scripting, Python requires interpretation that can be a bit time taking as compared to Golang. The element of readability, easy to comprehend syntax and flexibility is greater with Python. As with Golang, it takes the lead when considering clear syntax and literally no unnecessary components. Built-in concurrency or corresponding mechanism comes with Golang but not provided with Python.
Source:[www(dot)cuelogic(dot)com blog a-battle-of-trios-python-vs-ruby-vs-golang]
Safety & Security
From security and safety point of view, Python is preferred being strongly coded and compiled which adds an extra layer of security.Golang on the other hand is lighter as each variable has a typeface associated with it due to which a typical developer is unable to share details with anyone thus resulting in bugs. In short, testing Golang from security and safety perspective can be an issue.
For creating the same functionality, Python is comparably convenient being less ‘verbose’ than Go. As for support libraries, Python’s extent is bigger than Golang however, things are getting better eventually.
In terms of solving data science problems, user-friendliness and composition, Python is every developer’s first pick. For basic programming, Python is still a great choice but not when it comes to complex system. This is when Golang steps in providing the same results in shortest time and with less subtleties.
Multiple paradigms are supported including functional, object-oriented and procedural programming
Dynamically typed programming language
Statically/inertly typed programming language
Like Python, a dynamically typed language
Highly preferred for writing web-based applications
More of a system development language however, taking a good share from Python when it comes to web applications. Good when it comes to solve both complex and simple multithreaded tasks
A preferred programming language that’s good at developing small-scope commercial blogs, projects and personal/custom web pages
Memory management isn’t provided
Excessive memory management to let you play freely. Referred to as automatic garbage collection and memory allocation.
Sorted memory allocation with time-to-time release of smaller slot sets
Use of indentation to specify coding blocks
Opening and closing brackets are used. Takes more time to write the same code when compared with various C-based languages. There’s lightweight thread usage in Golang
A simple, cleaner, easy to read and write syntax
No built-in concurrency
Inbuilt concurrency available
High functional concept support, world-class object-oriented programming
Lighter support for functional concepts and object orientation. But coding and typeface is stronger. Though not typically an object-oriented language, it does provide support.
Purely an object-oriented language.
Highly in-demand for developing complex and securest, safest websites and applications
Preferred for backend system and API development
A choice pick for DevOps Solutions and Services frameworks
Faster than most, slower than Golang
Faster because it requires no interpretation
Slower as compared to Golang
Compatibility can become an issue but not entirely impossible
Highly compatible when incorporated or integrated with other functional parts of the software stack
Limited compatibility to some of the most popular databases
Source : [Statistics of programming languages for web developers updated survey]
History & Evolution Over the Years
The first public release of Python as a programming language happened in 1991 as a successor to ABC. After nine years that is in 2000, version 2.0 came out with extraordinary new features like list comprehensions, reference countable garbage collection system however this particular function has been discontinued. Python interpreters and support is available for many different operating system with a global community of programmers and developers.
Source: [ blog.penjee.com ]
Ruby; as a programming language was introduced in the mid 1990s being high-level, interpreted and a general-purpose or basic language for developers to code amazing programs. This particular programming language was proposed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan. Multiple programming paradigms are supported by Ruby such as functional programming, procedural and object-oriented. Inspiration or influence of the language had its roots in Perl, Eiffel, BASIC, Smalltalk, Ada and Lisp.
Source: [codeburst.io ruby-macros-18bb67e051c7]
Go OR Golang:
Choosing the Best Programming Language
Each programming language has its own benefits and a few drawbacks. To choose between the three depends on requirement of the web development project and developer’s own preference.